DESPERATE ENCOUNTER BETWEEN THE ERICSSON BATTERY "MONITOR" 2 GUNS, AND THE "MERRIMAC" 12 GUNS. : IN HAMPTON ROADS, MARCH 9TH 1862.

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Desperate Encounter between the Ericsson Battery "Monitor" 2 Guns, and the "Merrimac" 12 Guns. : In Hampton Roads, March 9th 1862.

Three-color lithograph, 1862.
Image size 13 1/8 x 19 3/4" (32.8 x 50.5 cm).
Good condition.
LOCATION: New York City

Inventory Number: 77921
Price: $2,500.00
Publisher : Published by W. Schaus, 749 Broadway, N.Y.
Lith. of Shearman & Hart, 99 Fulton St., N.Y. Title continues "In which the "Monitor" was victorious, the "Merrimac" being finally towed off in a Disabled Condition." Ships identified under title - Jamestown, Yorktown, Merrimac, Monitor, Cumberland, and Minnesota."

The Battle of Hampton Roads or battle between the U.S.S. Monitor and CSS Virginia (ex. USS Merrimac) was the most noted and possibly the most important naval battle of the American Civil War. It was the first battle between ironclad warships. The battle took place over two days, March 8–9, 1862. The first day the CSS Virginia ruled the seas as the USS Monitor had not yet arrived on the scene. The Virginia destroyed two major seagoing naval ships, The USS Congress and USS Cumberland and drove the USS Minnesota aground. Falling tides and nightfall forces the Confederates to break off the attack until the next day. The evening the USS Monitor arrived and took up station to protect the Minnesota. The next morning the Virginia arrived back on the scene to finish off the Minnesota and found the USS Monitor awaiting her. The battle between these two vessels went on for hours and they fought, shot from each side ricocheting off of the other. In the end both sides each side claimed victory.
This battle changed naval designs overnight, obsolete were the large ships of the lines with multiple decks of guns. The age of armor plate and turreted ships had began.
18th-19th Century Subjects , Historical , Civil War