Sir Joshua Reynolds

Artist's Biography

Lt. Col. Tarleton

Mezzotint, hand-colored, 1782.
Image size 25 1/16 x 15 3/8 inches (638 x 390 mm)
Good condition, save for a crease in the upper image and a few short tears in the margins.
LOCATION: New York City

Inventory Number: 93951
Price: $2,750.00
Publisher : London publish'd Oct 11 1782 by J. R. Smith No. 83 opposite the Pantheon Oxford Street.
Painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Engraved by J. R. Smith. An astute commander, Tarleton distinguished himself in the American War of Independence and returned to England a lieutenant colonel. He sailed to America with Cornwallis in 1776 and took part in the Battle for New York and the attack on Fort Moultrie in Charleston, South Carolina. While serving as a dragoon, he captured Charles Lee, one of the most important commanders of the Continental Army. He was promoted to commandant of the British Legion, a cavalry brigade of American militia, which became famous as Tarleton’s Green Horse because of the color of their uniforms. Tarleton distinguished himself in the Southern Campaign, earning the nickname “Bloody Tarleton” for his relentless pursuit of Burford’s regiment at Waxhaw Creek, in South Carolina. After fighting at almost every major engagement in the South, Tarleton was defeated by General Morgan at the Battle of Cowpens at Chesnee. He continued to fight gallantly until the British surrender at Yorktown on October 19th, 1781. Tarleton returned to England in 1782, and quickly fell in with the dissolute crowd who surrounded the Prince of Wales. He became a notorious gambler and was forced to flee England to avoid imprisonment for his gaming debts. In 1786 he fled to France where he wrote History of the Campaigns of 1780 and 1781 in the Southern Provinces of North America. In 1790 he returned to England and was elected an M. P. for Liverpool. He served in Parliament for over twenty-two years and became an outspoken advocate for the shipping industry. 18th-19th Century Subjects , Portraits , Revolutionary War Figures