NOUVELLE CARTE DE SCANDINAVIE OU DES ETATS DU NORD DRESSEE SUR LES OBSERVATIONS LES PLUS NOUVELLES DES MEILLEURS GEOGRAPHES AVEC LES ARMES DES PROVINCES DE LA SUEDE ET DES TABLES TRES INSTRUCTIVES.

image36479

Henri Chatelain


Nouvelle Carte de Scandinavie ou des Etats du Nord Dressee sur les Observations les Plus Nouvelles des Meilleurs Geographes avec les Armes des Provinces de la Suede et des Tables Tres Instructives.

Copper plate engraving printed on fine laid paper, 1714.
Image size 19 3/4 x 23 5/8" (50.2 x 60 cm).
Very good condition. Creases in sheet where it has been folded to fit into atlas. Black and white.
LOCATION: New York City

Inventory Number: 36479
Price: $395.00
Publisher : Published in Amsterdam by L'Honore & Chatelain.
French cartography reached pre-eminence at the close of the eighteenth century, following the decline of the Dutch and German map houses. Propelled forward by the royal patronage of Louis XIII and Louis XIV, France became the center of geographical science. French maps were the most advanced charts of the period and their delicate lines and fine cartouches brought a new elegance to European mapmaking. France’s cartographic output was dominated by a few influential families, who produced and published the majority of the charts and atlases of the period. Cassini, Jaillot, Delisle, and Sanson were some of the most noted mapmakers of the time, but there were also a number of minor cartographers working in France during the golden age. One of which, was Henri Abraham Chatelain, whose Atlas Historique was included in one of the most expansive encyclopedias of the age. First published in 1705, Chatelain’s Atlas Historique was part of an immense seven-volume encyclopedia. Although the main focus of the text was geography, the work also included a wealth of historical, political, and genealogical information. The text was compiled by Nicholas Gueudeville and the maps were engraved by Chatelain, primarily after charts by Delisle. The atlas was published in Amsterdam between 1705 and 1721 and was later reissued by Zacharie and Chatelain between 1732 and 1739.

This impressive engraving is the first plate in volume four of Chatelain’s celebrated encyclopedia, Atlas Historique. Printed in 1714, this unique engraving is from the first edition of volume four published by Chatelain as part of his large seven volume work. This is a lovely impression of Chatelain’s large fold out map of Scandinavia. Flanked by two rows of family crests and a large key table, this chart is considered one of the most decorative maps in the atlas. The map covers all of Scandinavia as well as the Baltic States: Estonia and Latvia. Denmark is included in the bottom left corner, and the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea are all clearly identified. The map covers the northern section of the Russian border, extending as far east as the White Sea. Great attention has been paid to the geographical features of the area as well as the many waterways and mountains scattered across the terrain. The extensive key table identifies the various regions and principal towns and gives their exact location on the map. By combining a wealth of historical and geographical information with delicate engraving and an uncomplicated composition, this elegant map is a superb example from the golden age of French mapmaking.
Maps

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