The Old Print Shop

Arkansas. - Oklahoma boomers leaving Arkansas City.


  • PUBLISHER: Published in Frank Leslies Illustrated Newspaper.

  • MEDIUM: Wood engraving,

    DATE: 1885

  • EDITION SIZE: Image size 10.5 x 6" (267 x 152 mm)

  • DESCRIPTION: A 19th-century perspective of Arkansas with Oklahoma "boomers" leaving Arkansas City, captured as a wood engraving and colorized to highlight the details. After the Civil War, the U.S. government made new treaties with various Indian tribes, resulting in the creation of the Unassigned Lands in central Oklahoma. These lands gained attention in 1879 when Elias C. Boudinot highlighted them in an article, sparking interest in white settlement. Dr. Morrison Munford and others promoted the idea, leading to several settlement attempts, notably by Col. Charles C. Carpenter and David Lewis Payne, who repeatedly led groups into the territory only to be evicted by federal troops. Payne's persistent efforts, despite multiple arrests, galvanized the Boomer Movement, which continued under William L. Couch after Payne's death in 1884. The movement gained momentum with the construction of the Santa Fe Railway and political support, culminating in the Oklahoma Land Run of April 22, 1889, when settlers legally claimed land in the Unassigned Lands. The term "boomer" originated from their figurative noise-making and agitation for their claims.


  • CONDITION: Good condition with modern hand-color.


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