John Ogilby

Artist's Biography

St. Francisco de Campeche (San Francisco de Campeche, Yucatan Peninsula).

Copper plate engraving, 1671
11 1/2 x 13 5/8" (292 x 346 mm) plus wide margins.
Good condition. Black & white.
LOCATION: New York City

Inventory Number: 33423
Price: $625.00
Publisher :
This is a grand view of the town of San Francisco de Campeche on the Yucatan Peninsula. The city of Campeche was the first Spanish settlement on the Yucatan Peninsula. Founded on October 4, 1540, the town was originally called San Lázaro, but was later renamed Villa de San Francisco de Campeche. The city became one of the most important shipping ports in America and was an important destination for merchant vessels traveling back to Europe. The riches amassed by the Spanish Crown in Campeche were a constant enticement to privateers and pirates who continually besieged and plundered the city. Ogilby’s view depicts a well-fortified town and a thriving port. Perhaps in reference to the pirate skirmishes, which plagued the town, Ogilby has chosen to depict a warship firing a salute in the foreground of the image. This map appeared in John Ogilby’s seminal atlas, "America: Being the Latest, and Most Accurate Description of the New World," published in London in 1671. Ogilby’s work is an English translation of Arnoldus Montanus’ "Die Nieuwe en onbekende Weereld. . . ," which was produced in Amsterdam earlier the same year. Considered the first encyclopedias of the Americas, both texts are richly illustrated with maps, views and portraits. With little exception, Ogilby’s work is a direct copy of Montanus’ atlas. Ogilby did expand his atlas by adding fresh material on the English colonies. Illustrated with over 122 magnificent engravings, Ogilby’s America was the most accurate compendium available of the New World. Maps