John Ogilby

Artist's Biography

Urbs Salvador.

Copper plate engraving, 1671
11 3/16 x 13 1/2" (284 x 343 mm) plus wide margins.
Good condition. Black & white
LOCATION: New York City

Inventory Number: 33480
Price: $625.00
Publisher :
This is a stunning view of Salvador in the state of Bahia, Brazil. The view provides an accurate plan of the city with a numbered key identifying the principal buildings. For over two centuries, Salvador was the first major port of colonial Brazil. Located along the Bay of All Saints, the city is situated between mountainous hills and wide beaches. The settlement was first founded in 1549 by Thom de Souza, and quickly became a center of the sugar industry and the slave trade. It was briefly captured and sacked by the Dutch in 1624 but it was quickly retaken by the Portuguese in April of the following year. Built on two levels, the city was divided into an upper city and a lower city, with administration buildings and residences constructed on the hills and forts, docks, and warehouses lining the beaches. This view appeared in John Ogilby’s seminal atlas "America: Being the Latest, and Most Accurate Description of the New World," published in London in 1671. Ogilby’s work is an English translation of Arnoldus Montanus’ "Die Nieuwe en onbekende Weereld. . . ," which was produced in Amsterdam earlier the same year. Considered the first encyclopedias of the Americas, both texts are richly illustrated with maps, views, and portraits. With little exception, Ogilby’s work is a direct copy of Montanus’ atlas. Ogilby did expand his atlas by adding fresh material on the English colonies. Illustrated with over 122 magnificent engravings, Ogilby’s America was the most accurate compendium available of the New World. Maps