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Charleston Mercury Extra, Rare Broadside Announcing South Carolina Secession, December 1860.

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  • MEDIUM: Typeset,

    DATE: 1860.

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  • DESCRIPTION: Broadside. Charleston Mercury, December 20, 1860, broadside detailing the beginning of the Secession Crisis: the first breakaway-state, South Carolina, denounces the Constitution and paves the short inevitable path to four years of carnage and the bloodiest war in American history. This broadside, a remarkable piece of American history, represents the very first Confederate imprint. It defines the moment that the American nation was torn asunder and eventual secession of eleven slave-holding states and the formation of the Confederacy. Printed just fifteen minutes after the ordinance passed, a portion reads: Passed unanimously at 1.15 o'clock, P.M., December 20, 1860. An ordinance to dissolve the Union between the State of South Carolina and the other States united with her under the compact entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America." The Ordinance adopted by us in Convention, on the twenty-third day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States was ratified, and also, All Acts and parts of Acts of the General Assembly of the State, ratifying the amendments to the said Constitution, are hereby repealed; and that the union now subsisting between South Carolina and other states, under the name of the "United States of America," is hereby dissolved.

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