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The Hon.ble Robert Monckton, Gov.r of New York; Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces at the Reduction of Martinico.

  • ARTIST: Thomas Hudson

  • PUBLISHER: Printed for Carington Bowles in St. Pauls Church Yard, London. Engraved by Richard Houston.

  • MEDIUM: Mezzotint,

    DATE: undated, c.1774.

  • EDITION SIZE: Image size 5 1/4 x 4 3/8" (13.3 x 11.2 cm).

  • DESCRIPTION: Robert Monckton (1726-1782), was one of the most prominent British officers to participate in the wars against France in North America and Canada. He sailed to Nova Scotia in 1752 and took command of Fort Lawrence. After capturing Fort Beausejour, he became Acting Governor of Nova Scotia in the absence of Charles Lawrence. He led a battalion at the siege of Louisburg, and was second in command to General Wolfe at the capture of Quebec. In 1760 Monckton seized the rich sugar island of Martinique from French control. This victory was considered one of the crowning points of his military career, since Martinique was a lucrative prize and one of France’s most important slave trading bases. Following his success in the Caribbean, Monckton became commander of British forces in Pennsylvania, and in 1761 was appointed Governor of New York. In 1763 he returned to England and was made Governor of Berwick-on-Tweed, and Governor of Portsmouth. At the outbreak of the Revolution, Monckton was offered a commission to return to America, but he refused to take up arms against the colonies.

  • ADDITIONAL INFO:

  • CONDITION: Good condition, large margins.

  • REFERENCE: C. Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits.. no. 79a, p. 675 in additions and corrections, state i/i.