Harry Pettit

Artist's Biography

Works of Gulf Refining Company. Port Arthur Texas. U.S.A. 1926

Photo-graveure. 1926
Image size 12 x 36 5/8" (30.5 x 93.2 cm)
To be restored.
LOCATION: New York City

Inventory Number: 99747
Price: SOLD
Publisher : Published by the Gulf Refining Co. No printer noted.
General offices, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. U.S.A. Total refinery area 3871 acres. Area shown 1600 acres. Daily capacity, 125,000 barrels crude petroleum. Signed in the image l.r. H.M. Pettit. The best description of the plant comes from a historical located near it.

The eruption of the Lucas gusher at the Spindletop oil field in January 1901 established Texas as a major oil source and signaled the beginning of a significant economic boom to the state. The new town of Port Arthur benefited tremendously from its proximity to the oil field. In early 1901, a consortium of men from Pittsburgh Pennsylvania formed the J. M. Guffey Petroleum Company to finance and develop an industry for the oil from its Spindletop leases. In need of refining facilities and a small organization, the consortium chartered the Gulf Refining Company on November 10, 1901, and built a refinery at Port Arthur for the purpose of making that crude oil into a usable commodity. Early products of the refining company included gasoline, kerosene and engine oil. In 1907, assets of the J. M. Guffey Petroleum Company and Gulf Refining Companies were merged into the Gulf Oil Corporation. At the end of 1910, Port Arthur was the company's lone refinery until a second was built in Fort Worth the following year.

Harry McEwen (H.M.) Pettit (1867-1941) American architectural painter and illustrator. Nicknamed “the bird’s-eye view artist” he frequently produced prospective views and conceptual renderings for proposed architectural designs, both as illustrations and as larger commissioned works. Clients included Standard Oil, Deere & Co., the Pennsylvania and Grand Central train stations in New York. By 1915, Pettit had moved to Chicago and was the official artist for the Chicago World’s Fair in 1933-34, and the New York World’s Fair in 1939-40.
18th-19th Century Subjects , Town Views - United States